Sequence Modifiers are designed for use in automated synthesis. The carboxy-dT is hydrolyzed during deprotection and can be coupled directly to a molecule containing a primary amino group by a standard peptide coupling or via the intermediate N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester. Amino-Modifier dA, Amino-Modifier dC, N2-Amino-Modifier dG and both Amino-Modifier dT products can be added in place of a dA, dC, dG and dT residue, respectively, during oligonucleotide synthesis. Corresponding Amino-Modifier supports can replace their respective deoxynucleoside supports. After deprotection, the primary amine on the C6 analogues is separated from the oligonucleotide by a spacer arm with a total of 7 -10 atoms and can be labelled or attached to an enzyme. The C2 analogue is more suitable for the attachment of molecules designed to react with the oligonucleotide.
Coupling: No changes needed from standard method recommended by synthesizer manufacturer.
Deprotection: Cleavage and deprotection should be carried out using a mild deprotection: 0.4M methanolic sodium hydroxide (methanol:water 4:1) for 17 hours at room temperature. Pipet off support and neutralize with 2M TEAA.|Note: NaOH is not compatible with dmf protecting groups.