Duplex StabilizationEpigenetics/DNA Methylation
Serinol COT-Serinol Dabcyl Biotin Fluorescein Rhodamine Cyanine Elitechgroup Dyes and Quencher Black Hole Quencher Blackberry Rhodamine (TAMRA) Acridine DNP Cholesterol Tocopherol Stearyl Psoralen EDTA Ferrocene Methylene Blue Metal Chelates Polyaromic Hydrocarbons Puromycin Quenched Autoligation (QUAL) Probes Photo Regulation
RNA Supports For 3'-Modification TOM-Protected RNA Amidites RNA Supports For TOM RNA Synthesis TBDMS-Protected RNA Amidites HT RNA Amidites UltraMild TBDMS RNA Amidites TBDMS RNA Supports UltraMild Solvents/Reagents Minor RNA Amidites (TOM) RNA Sequence Modifier (TOM-Protected) Minor RNA Amidites (TBDMS-Protected) Minor RNA Triphosphates 2'-OMe-RNA Amidites 2'-OMe-Supports HT 2'-OMe-RNA Amidites Ultramild 2'-OME-RNA Minor 2'-OMe-RNA Amidites 2'-OMe-Thiophosphoramidites 2'-F-RNA Monomers 2'-F-Arabinonucleic Acid (2'-F-ANA)
2’-F-Arabinonucleic Acid (2’-F-ANA) (Catalog as PDF)
2’-F-Arabinonucleic Acid (2’-F-ANA)Arabinonucleosides are epimers of ribonucleosides with the chiral switch being at the 2' position of the sugar residue. 2'-F-ANA adopts a more DNA-like β-type helix conformation, not through the typical C2'-endo conformation but, rather, through an unusual O4'-endo (east) pucker. However, the presence of the electronegative fluorine leads to a still significant increase (DTm1.2°C/mod) in melting temperature per modification.1 2'-F-ANA-containing oligonucleotides exhibit very high binding specificity to their targets. Indeed, a single mismatch in a 2'-F-ANA - RNA duplex leads to a DTm of -7.2°C and in a 2'-F-ANA - DNA duplex a DTm of -3.9°C.2
The presence of fluorine at the 2' position in 2'-F-ANA leads to increased stability to hydrolysis under basic conditions relative to RNA and even 2'-F-RNA.1,3 The stability of 2'-F-ANA to nucleases also makes this a useful modification for enhancing the stability of oligonucleotides in biological environments.2 2'-F-ANA hybridizes strongly to target RNA and, unlike most 2' modifications, induces cleavage of the target by RNase H. Phosphorothioate (PS) 2'-F-ANA is routinely used in these applications due to its increased nuclease resistance. Alternating 2'-F-ANA and DNA units provide among the highest potency RNase H-activating oligomers. Both the "altimer" and "gapmer" strand architectures consistently outperform PS-DNA and DNA/RNA gapmers.4
siRNA oligos were found to tolerate the presence of 2'-F-ANA linkages very well. High potency gene silencing was demonstrated5 with siRNA chimeras containing 2'-F-RNA and/or LNA and 2'-F-ANA. The high efficacy of these chimeras was attributed to the combination of the rigid RNA-like properties of 2'-F-RNA and LNA with the DNA-like properties of 2'-F-ANA.
Synthetic oligonucleotides containing 2'-F-RNA linkages may be deprotected with ammonium hydroxide as normal. Deprotection using AMA at 65°C leads to some degradation and so we recommend the use of AMA at room temperature for 2 hours.
2'-F-ANA is covered by intellectual property. Key patents covering siRNA and antisense applications are as follows: WO/2009/146556 (siRNA); WO 03064441 and WO 0220773 (antisense).
OTHER INSTRUMENT TYPES
All minor bases, RNA products and modifiers are packaged in septumcapped vials suitable for ABI and other instruments. If you would like another type of vial/column add the following to the end of the catalog number.